SUMMARY OF THE $2T CARES ACT

Direct Payments to Individuals: Act includes payments to lower- and middle-income individuals of $1,200 for each adult (up to $2,400 for a married couple) and $500 for each child. Individuals who earn $75,000 or less and married couples earning $150,000 or less in adjusted gross income are entitled to the full payment. The payment is reduced if income exceeds these amounts, phasing out entirely at $99,000 for singles, and $198,000 for couples without children. The income thresholds would be based on 2019 income tax returns, or 2018 if a 2019 return has not yet been filed.

Expansion of Unemployment Insurance: The act extends coverage for unemployment insurance to four months, and increase the eligibility and amount provided by an extra $600 per week.

Limits and Oversight: There will be additional oversight on how companies use government loan funds, protecting workers and preventing companies from providing executive bonuses.

Paycheck Protection Program: The act increases the government guarantee of loans made for the Payment Protection Program under section 7(a) of the Small Business Act to 100 percent through Dec. 31, 2020. It increases the maximum 7(a) loan amount to $10 million through December 31, 2020, and provides a formula by which the loan amount is tied to payroll costs incurred by the business to determine the size of the loan. The Act specifies allowable uses of the loan include payroll support, such as employee salaries, paid sick or medical leave, insurance premiums, and mortgage, rent, and utility payments. Any loan amounts not forgiven at the end of one year (as discussed below) would be carried forward as an ongoing loan with a maximum term of 10 years, and maximum interest rate of four percent (4%). The 100 percent loan guarantee would remain intact.

Loan Forgiveness: Borrower will be eligible for loan forgiveness equal to the amount spent by the borrower during an 8-week period after the origination date of the loan on payroll costs, interest payment on any mortgage incurred prior to February 15, 2020, payment of rent on any lease in force prior to Feb. 15, 2020, and payment on any utility for which service began before Feb. 15, 2020. The amount of eligible loan forgiveness will be reduced proportionally by any reduction in employees retained compared to the prior year and reduced by the reduction in pay of any employee beyond 25 percent of their prior year compensation. To encourage employers to rehire any employees who have already been laid off due to the COVID-19 crisis, the Act provides that borrowers that re-hire workers previously laid off will not be penalized for having a reduced payroll at the beginning of the period.

Employee Retention Credit: This provision provides a refundable payroll tax credit for 50 percent of wages paid by employers to employees during the COVID-19 crisis. The credit will be available to employers whose (1) operations were fully or partially suspended, due to a COVID-19 related shut-down order, or (2) gross receipts declined by more than 50 percent when compared to the same quarter in the prior year.

The credit will be based on qualified wages paid to the employee. For employers with greater than 100 full-time employees, qualified wages are wages paid to employees when they are not providing services due to the COVID-19-related circumstances described above.

For eligible employers with 100 or fewer full-time employees, all employee wages qualify for the credit, whether the employer is open for business or subject to a shut-down order. The credit would be provided for the first $10,000 of compensation, including health benefits, paid to an eligible employee. The credit would be provided for wages paid or incurred from March 13, 2020 through December 31, 2020.

Delay of Payment of Employer Payroll Taxes: This provision allows employers and self-employed individuals to defer payment of the employer‘s share of the Social Security tax that they would otherwise be responsible for paying to the federal government with respect to their employees. Employers are generally responsible for paying a 6.2 percent Social Security tax on employee wages. The deferred employment tax would be paid over the following two years, with half of the amount required to be paid by December 31, 2021 and the other half by December 31, 2022.

Additional Business Tax Provisions: The following changes have been made to the tax code aimed to assist businesses with cash flow:

  • Increase to the net operating loss (NOL) carryback period to five years for NOLs arising in 2018, 2019, or 2020
  • Modification to the limitation on losses for taxpayers other than corporations
  • Make corporate alternative minimum tax credits immediately refundable
  • Increase the limitation on business interest expense from 30 percent to 50 percent
  • Technical correction to allow for the immediate write off of qualified improvement property
  • Temporary exception from the alcohol excise tax for alcohol used in hand sanitizer
  • Increase to the corporate income limitation on charitable contributions to 25 percent

Additional Individual Tax Provisions: The following changes to the tax code aimed to assist individual taxpayers and families:

  • Waiver of the 10 percent early withdrawal penalty for distributions up to $100,000 from qualified retirement accounts, income would be subject to tax over three years, and the taxpayer may recontribute the funds to an eligible retirement plan within three years without regard to contribution limitations
  • Waiver of the required minimum distributions rules for 2020
  • Allowance of a $300 above-the-line deduction for charitable contributions
  • Elimination of the income limitation for charitable contributions

Since this is a developing story, we will continue to provide additional information as it becomes available.

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